Awa Jinja Shrine in Nakayama and Hirotsugu Satomi
Awa Jinja Shrine is a small shrine in the end of the road turning to the
left at the Deva Gate
of Nakayama Hokekyoji Temple
. This small shrine is known as dedicating a 15 years old young samurai
worrier, Hirotsugu Satomi
died at the 2nd battle of Konodai
in January 1564. People in Edo
would feel very sad that Hirotsugu died as a teenager, so Edo Meisho Zue
(a guide book introducing noted landmarks in Edo in Edo perio
) introduced it. According to Katsushkaki, Awa Jinja Shrine is a grave
of Hirotsugu Satomi and it was called Awa no Su Daimyojin since he was
from Awa province
and its name was after Suzaki Jinja Shirine there. And Katsushika Shiryaku
introduced a saying of an old man lived in Nakayama, he said that the battle
at Konodai was so ghastly that there were several small shrines dedicating
the bushos and the samurais died at the battle in the areas between Konodai
Besides, Hina Matsuri
is held in Awa Jinja Shrine. There are many Hina Ningyo Dalls beautifully
decorated in the main hall, it is not what you see every day.
Why don't you Awa Jinja Shrine in Nakayama?
Awa Jinja Shrine
The Information of Awa Jinja Shrine
Place of the shrine: 4-3-25 Nakayama, Ichikawa-shi
Gods dedicated: Kunitokotachi no Mikoto
Satomi Awa no Kam
The History of Awa Jinaj Shrine
This shrine was called 'Awa no Su Myojin' or 'Awa no Su Shi' in some book published in Edo period.
Edo Meisho Zue introduced with a drawing, it tells that it was called Awa Su Myojinsha Shrine on a hill called Ikeda in the north of Nakayama.
First, Awa Jinja Shrine was built in Sunahara in Nakayama (now Nakayama Elementary School standing), and it was moved to the Myokensha Srine dedicating Kunitokotachi no Mikoto to enshrine in the same land and in January 12th, 1909. In 1915, Oomiya Daigongen and Sanno Daigongen in Nakayama areas were moved to enshrined the Shrine by the government ordinance. And Awa Jinja Shrine was finally reconstructed at the present place.
The Feature of Awa Jinja Shrine
Awa Jinja Shrine is believed as the god of bringing good fortune, bringing up children and match making.
The Annual Festivals
1. New Year's Ceremony
1. The Ceremony for Good Crops in Jan 20th
1. The Grand Festival held in October 19th every 5 years
1. The Festival for Children of Three, Five and Seven Year Age in Nov 15th
1. Otakiage in Dec 29th (lighting up old amulet and charm for purifying)
By Awa Jinja Shrine in January 1997
From Febraury 15th to March 3rd, Hina Matsuri Festival is held in Nakayama area annually, several landmarks in this area putting many Hina Ningyo dalls in them. There are many hina ningyo dalls in the main hall of Awa Jinja Shrine. Some are very old, and some are made by a very skillful creator. It gives you a chance to see those dalls. If you have some spare time, please come and see them.
Hirotsugu Satomi (1550?～1564)
Hirotsugu Satomi was a samurai worrier belonged to Satomi Family
in Awa province
. He was a son of Tadahiro Satomi.
Hirotsugu Satomi was fighting at the battles between the Satomi and Hojo Clan
in Sengoku Period
struggling for the supremacy of Kanto Region, it is called the 2nd Battle of Konodai
in Januray 1564. It was his first campaign and he was 15 years old at
The first battle of the 2nd Battle broke out in January 7th and the Satomi won it. However, they were intoxicated by the victory, the Hojo surprisingly attacked to the Satomi in next morning while they were off the guards. As the result, the Hojo won the battles and gained the power.
Several samurai worriers of the Satomi fled to Awa. Hirotsugu also rode
on his horse to go homeland. But he was killed by Yasuyoshi Matsuda of
the Hojo. According to Edo Meisho Zue
, Yasuyoshi first hesitated to that since Hirotsugu was a childish young
man. However, he did because thousands of the soldiers of the Hojo ran
after him. After the battle, Yasuyoshi became a priest named Fusei for
the repose of the young soldier soul.
Moreover, Edo Meisho Zue introduced a story of the beginning of Awa Jinja Shrine in the local history book 'Katsushikaki'. Several decades had passed after the Battle of Konodai, a salt dealer living in Katsushika county came to the place where Awa Jinja Shrine stood in Meiji Era and found a skull caught in vines. He removed them from the skull. At that time, a man appeared in front of the dealer and he thanked him for removing the veins and invited him to his home in Awa. It was about the Bon Festival in July. The dealer was treated to all kinds of delicacies at the man's house. But the man was unsatisfied at the treatment since he was the ancestor of the family then he got angry with them. The dealer told him to go back to Katsushika. After he went back, he buried the skull for the repose of the man's soul. The man from Awa, then the shrine was called Awa Su Myojinsha Shrine. Moreover, it was said that the skull was Hirotsugu Satomi's.
Anyway, Satomi Park in Konodai Ichikawa-shi stands on the remains of Konodaijo Castle. And Yonakiishi (the stone crying at night) related to a daughter of Hirotsugu Satomi and the Momorial Stone Tablets for Hirotsugu Satomi and the Samurais are preserved in the park.
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第8卷葛飾紀
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第6卷葛飾誌略
新編 市川歴史探訪 崙書房
Awa Jinja Shrine
4-3-25 Nakayama, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken
- Awa Jinja Shrine has a great accessibility from both Narita and Haneda
- From Narita International Airport, take Keisei-line and get off Keisei-Nakayama
Sta, take minimally 40 minutes from Narita Airport.. And also take JR Sobu-express
line, transfer the line at Funabashi to Sobu-Local line, get off Shimousa-Nakayama
- From Haneda International Airport, take Keikyu-line bound to Narita, and
get off Keisei-Nakayama Sta or Onigoe Sta.
- From Tokyo Sta, take Sobu-Express line bound to Chiba or Narita, transfer
the line to Sobu-Local line bound to Chiba, Tsudanuma, or Nishi-Funabashi
at Ichikawa Sta, get off Shimousa-Nakayama Sta.
- From Akihabara Sta, take Sobu line bound to Chiba, get off Shimousa-Nakayama
- Take 4 minute walk from Keisei-Nakayama Sta, and take 6 minutes walk from
The Landmarks Neighbor Of Nakayama Hokekyo-ji Temple
Nichiren had preached first time at the Oku-no-in. Later, Jonin Toki built a temple named 'Hokke-ji'. There are several ume trees blooming beautiful ume blossoms in spring silently.
Onjuin Temple is famous for the temple to deliver the Nichiren Sect's traditional style of ascetic practices. Tokugawa, Maeda and many people faithfully has believed for ages.
This small gallary has wonderful works of the great painter Kaii Higashiyama, so he lived in Nakayama.
Fujiwara Kannondo Hall has the legend of the great swordsman Mushashi Miyamoto, sometimes it was his hideaway.
A peaceful place to rest on the way to Nakayama Hokekyoji Temple is Seikaen. It has the branch office of the city hall.
Shinmeisha Shrine and Shinmeiji Temple have their long history and the legend of Oguri Hangan.
It preserves the seated statue of Nichiren and Yosobei Kajikawa's mementoes. It also has the side story of The Forty-Seven Ronins.
This shell mound designated as the National Historic Site and was formed
from middle to late Jomon period.
The sacred temple covered with holy cherry trees is famous for the legend of Seven Sutra Mound and Shichifukujin in Ichikawa.
The first nunnery of Nichiren Sect built by the Princess Tokiwai, the legend said ther daughter of the Emperor drifted to Ichikawa.
The shrine related to the battles of Konodai in Sengoku Period.
Awa Jinja Shrine
It has the legend of the young samurai Hirotsugu Satomi.
A small shrine relates to the Founder Nichiren, Nichijo and the Prince
The temple and the pond related to the Founder Nichiren.
It is the guardian deity of this town Kafu Nagai had visited.
A well became famous as Kafu Nagai introduced in his essay.
It was built in Kamakura period and visitors could enjoy seeing cherry
blossoms blooming over some cultural properties in it.
The Mama-gawa River is the very famous spot to enjoy seeing the blooming Cherry Blossoms.
Nikke Colton Plaza and some landmarks around are attractive and exciting to walk on.
It is very popular viewing sakura spot and thousands of people visit and enjoy seeing sakura.