Hojo Family in Odawara / Go-hojo Family
There are several stories about the origin of Hojo Family in Odawara,
but it is not clear now.
The first generation Soun Hojo appeared on the history in 1476. In this year, he succeeded to get negotiation the dispute among the retainers of Imagawa Clan that his younger sister Kitagawadono had got married with. After that he played the important role in the clan. In 1487, Ujichika who was the nephew of Soun inherited the power to control Imagawa Clan successfully.
Even though Soun was a retainer of Imagawa Clan, he attacked and Horikawa
Kubo (Horikawa Shogun) in Izu province
and overthrew him, so he got his land in 1493. Next he captured Odawarajo Castle
from Omori Clan, so he took west part of Sagami Province. And he moved
to Odawarajo Casle to control Sagami
and Izu province. Then he became the first Sengoku Daimyo
Moreover, Soun supported his nephew Ujichika and invaded Mikawa province with him. On the other hand, he formed an alliance with Ougigayatsu Uesugi Clan to fight against Yamanouchi Uesugi Clan
, but Soun was opposed to Ougigayatsu Uesgi Clan since 1509. In 1516, he destroyed Yoshiatsu Miura and he completely gained the control over Sagami province.
In 1523, Ujitsuna, the son of Soun, changed their family name to Hojo.
Ujitsuna captured Edojo Castle
from Tomooki Ougigayatsu Uesugi
in 1524, and he took Kawagoejo Castle and he advanced to the central part
of Musashi province in 1537. In 1538, Ujichika defeated Yoshitaka Satomi
and Yoshiaki Ashikaga of Oyumi Kubo (Shogun) in the first battle of Konodai
In 1546, his son Ujiyasu
destroyed Ougigayatsu Uesugi Clan and defeated Norimasa Uesugi of Kanto
Kanrei (the chief deputy of Muromachi Shogun in Kanto Region) to Echigo
(Niigata Prefecture). Then he installed Yoshiuji Ashikaga in Koga Kubo
(Shogun) and he took the position of Kanto Kanrei though he had no authority
to do it. He worked to manage his territory so he reformed the taxation
and conducted land surveying.
Hojo Family have fought against and took peace treaties with Takeda Clan
in Kai (Shingen Takeda) and Uesugi Clan
in Echigo (Kenshin Uesugi
) several times since 1560 to gain the control of Kanto Region. After the
fall of Takeda Clan and Oda Caln
in 1582, the Hojo tried to gain the power to control over Kanto Region.
To unite Japan under his power, Hideyoshi Toyotomi
attacked to Hojo and captured Odawarajo Castle in 1590. As a result, Hojo
Family in Odawara was ruined.
Sometimes, they are called Go-Hojo as they are distinguished from Hojo Clan in Kamakura
The List of Head of Hojo Family
Ujiyasu Hojo / Hojo Ujiyasu 1515-1571
Ujiyasu Hojo was one of the greatest samurai worriers and Sengoku Daimyos
in Sagami Province in Sengoku Period. He was the third lord of Hojo Family
Ujiyasu and his arms fought against Ougigayatsu and Yamanouchi Uesugi at
and won the battle in 1546. In 1552, he drove out Norimasa Uesugi to Echigo
and Haruuji Ashikaga. In 1561, he withdrew Kenshin Uesugi, so he won several
battles throughout Kanto Region. He also formed ties of marriage with Shingen
Takeda, Yoshimoto Imagawa, Kenshin Uesugi and so on. Finally, he gained
the power to rule Izu
and Kamitsuke province. In his era, he built the golden ages of Hojo Family.
And he fought against Satomi Family
at the Battle of Konodai
twice and he won the both, then his power spread to Boso Peninsula. During
those battles, he camped Nakayama Hokekyoji Temple
and he stayed a night at Jokoji Temple
and wrote a tanka poem
Moreover, he supported to rebuild Ashikaga Gakko (the first school in Japan). And he edited 'Odawarashu Shoryo Bungencho (a book showing the retainers estates)' and built Ekiden (putting stations to keep horses).
新編 市川歴史探訪 崙書房
Ujinao Hojo / Hojo Ujinao 1562-1591
Ujinao Hojo was one of samurai worriers and Sengoku Daimyos
in Sagami Province
in Sengoku period
. He was the 5th lord of Hojo Family in Odawara.
At the Siege of Odawara by Hideyoshi Toyotomi
in 1590, Ujinao opened Odawarajo Castle
so the battle was ended.
After that, he went to Mt. Koya for his retirement.
His wife, Toku Hime was a daughter of Ieyasu Tokugawa
. And his mother was a daughter of Shingen Takeda.
In Jounji Temple
, a legend of Katsu Hime
(the princess Katsu), a daughter of Ujinao Hojo remains.
新編 市川歴史探訪 崙書房
Ujiteru Hojo / Hojo Ujiteru 1540?-1590
Ujiteru Hojo was a famous Sengoku Busho who was the second son of Ujiyasu Hojo
. He was the lord at Takiyamajo Castle. He gained Kurihashijo Castle by
force in Shimousa
in 1568. In the battle of Konodai
, he camped at Nakayama Hokekyoji Temple
with his father Ujiyasu and won them, so he contributed a lot to expand to the northern Kanto Region. Later he built Hachiojijo Castle and supported the Hojo to rule Kanto region. At the Siege of Odawara by Hideyoshi Toyotomi
, he and his family lost the battle, and he lost his life by himself in July 11th of 1590.
According to legends, sons of his retainers deeply connected to Genshinji Temple
新編 市川歴史探訪 崙書房
Hojo Family in Kamakura
Hojo Family in Kamakura
was the family succeeded the position of the regent in Kamakura Bakufu
, so the family seized the power to control the Bakufu.
Hojo Family is descendants of Sadamori Taira joining to Kanmu Heishi Clan.
Tokiie Hojo settled in Hojo in Izu province as their basic territory and
he named their family name Hojo.
In 1185, Tokimasa Hojo helped Yoritomo Minamoto
whom his daughter Masako Married with when he raised his arm to fight
against Taira Clan in Kyoto, and he contributed a lot to build Kamakura
Bakufu. After the Yoritomo and his sons died out, the Regents from the
Hojo Family seized administrative power and they controlled the shoguns
from the nobles and the Imperial Family. And the family succeeded the seat
of the regent and the most important governmental and military position
in the Bakufu.
In 1333, Hojo Family was ruined by Yoshisada Nitta and Kamakura Bakufu ended.
The Successive Regent: A List Of The Head Of Hojo Family
- 1 Tokimasa Hojo 1203-1205 (the head family)
- 2 Yoshitoki Hojo 1205-1224 (the head family)
- 3 Yasutoki Hojo 1224-1242 (the head family)
- 4 Tsunetoki Hojo 1242-1246 (the head family)
- 5 Tokiyori Hojo 1246-1256 (the head family)
- 6 Nagatoki Hojo 1256-1264 (the Gokurakuji Family of the Hojo Clan)
- 7 Masamura Hojo 1264-1268 (the Masamura's Family of the Hojo Clan)
- 8 Tokimune Hojo 1268-1284 (the head family)
- 9 Sadatoki Hojo 1284-1301 (the head family)
- 10 Morotoki Hojo 1301-1311 (the Munemasa family of the Hojo Clan)
- 11 Munenobu Hojo 1311-1312 (the Osaragi family of the Hojo Clan)
- 12 Hirotoki Hojo 1312-1315 (the Masamura's Family of the Hojo Clan)
- 13 Mototoki Hojo 1315-1316 (the Gokurakuji Family of the Hojo Clan)
- 14 Takatoki Hojo 1316-1326 (the head family)
- 15 Sadaaki Hojo 1326 (the Kanazawa family of the Hojo Clan)
- 16 Moritoki Hojo 1326-1333 (the Akahashi family of the Hojo Clan)