Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine The Guardian God
Katsushika Hachimangu Shirine is the guardian god of Shimousa province
found at the Emperor Uta's behest in Heian period
. It was beloved poeple in Ichikawa city
and is called 'Yawata no Hachimansama'. The first shogun of Kamakura Bakufu,
Yoritomo Minamoto and the hero for samurais in Kanto, Masakado Taira visited
and prayed there. It is a few minute walk from both Motoyawata Station
and Keisei Yawata Station. On the rout 14 Chiba Kaido road to the city
hall, the first Torii gate of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine standing on
the north, then there are many gingko trees, the second Torii gate, Zuishinmon
gate and the main gate are along the aproach to the main hall called Shaden,
and the trees turned splashing yellow in fall.
There are some properties in the shrine, 'Senbon Icho
( a gingko tree having thousands trunks) is designated as the national
natural treasure, 'Bonsho
(the bell) is designated as the prefectural cultural property, Zuishinmon
(the gate enshrines guardian gods called zuishin on the left and right)
is designated as the municipal cultural property, Kaguraden
( the hall for Kagura), the stone Yoritomo Minamoto's horse held on
, Yawata no Yabushirazu
, a stone tablet scribing a haiku poem
by Issa Kobayashi
and so forth are standing, so Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine has been loved
by some writers as Kyoshi Takahama
, Sachio Ito
, Kafu Nagai
, Rohan Koda
and so on .
Anyway, the very popular woods in Japan called Yawata no Yabushirazu, the
stone Yoritomo's horse held on and Senbon Icho Gingko Trees were counted
as the three mysterious spots in Yawata no Hachimansama.
Why don't you visit Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine?
* Some pictures on this page are taken before the renovation.
The History of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine as the guardian god of Shimousa Province
Katsushika Hachiangu Shrine that the area name Yawata was named after
was a noted shirine built in Heian Period. Now it is loved and called 'Yawata
no Hachimansama' in Ichiakwa city.
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine was built at the order of the Emperor Uta
during Kanpyo era (889-898). The Emperor called on the diety of Iwashimizu
Hachimangu Shrine to make a branch shrine as the guardian deity of Shimousa
Province. The enshrined dieties of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine are Homudawake
no Mikoto (the Emperor Oujin
), Okinagatarashihime no Mikoto (the Emperess Jingu
) and Tamayorihime no Mikoto
. This Hachimangu shrine has been widely and faithfully worshipped by successive
governors, local officers and people living around and it became the cultural
center of Katsushika in Shimousa and the center of belief in Hachiman.
Especially Kanto Bushi (samurai worriers living in Kanto region) worshipped
to be the god of war. Masakado Taira made an offer to it. Yoritomo Minamoto
visited it to pray for his good fortune in battle when he came to provincial
capital of Shimousa from Awa province
in 1180 and he commanded Tanetsune Chiba to renovate tha Shaden (main
building) during Kenkyu era (1190-1199). And Dokan Ota
visited to pray for security in Kanto region and renovated the Shaden
when he built Konodai Castle to attack to Takatane Chiba in Usui Castle
in the early Sengoku period
in 1479. Moreover, Ieyasu Tokugawa
believed it so he gave Shuin (his license) to keep 52 koku wide territory
to the shrine in 1591 in Momoyama Period
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine had been managed by Hachimansan Hozenji Temple,
a branch temple of Toeizan Kaneiji Temple in Ueno, the grand head temple
at Kanto of Tendai Sect, until the ordinance distinguish Shinto and Buddhism
was issued at the Meiji Restoration, so Hozenji Temple was closed by the
movement of abolishing Buddhism. The bell tower existing in it is very
important remain to tell the movement. And also the Zuishinmon Gate in
the shrine is designated as the municipal cultural property by the city.
According to Edo Meisho Zue
(a guide book introducing Edo), Hozenji Temple had dedicated the statue
of Amidanyorai as the principal image of Buddha and the statues of Kongo
and Misshaku had stood both side of the gate, and behind them the statues
and Tamonten had been in. (Now these statues stand in Tokuganji Temple
in Gyotoku area in Ichikawa.)
Moreover, there are other sceneries in Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine.The large gingko tree standing east side of the main building is called 'Senbon Icho (a gingko tree with thousands of trunks)' that is designated as the national natural treasure. And the bell found in 1793 having the letters 'Genko Gannen (1321) on its surface is designated as the prefectural cultural property and it also tells how old this shrine was built.
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine holds its annual festival for six days from September 15th. The festival is called 'Yawata no Boroichi (the flea market at Yawata) and is famous farm implements fair among villages near it, so it had been the best market in Kanto region once upon time. Hatsu U Matsuri held in February is the unique ceremony that Yutateshinji, Yutatekagura and Gujimai are performed.
The shaden now existing rebuilt in 1913 and it has been renovated at Shikinen Taisai (the grand festival) held in every 33 years in April 1919, 11951 and 1984.
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine is the god of study, industrial promotion, agriculture, fishing, bringing good fortune, warding off evil, childbirth, children and match making.
The treasures of Katsushika Hacimangu Shrine are the national natural treasure
of Senbon Icho Tree
, 'Yawata no Yabushirazu
' (bamboo woods in Yawata) designated as preserving woods by the National
Government, the prefectural cultural property 'Genko no Bonsho
' and the municipal cultural property 'Zuishinmon Gate
The annual grand festival is of course held in September 15th, and also the farming tool markets is opening by September 20th.
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第8卷葛飾紀
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第6卷葛飾誌略
Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine
- Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine has great accessibilities from both Narita and Haneda International Airport.
- From Narita International Airport, take Keisei-line and get off Keisei Yawata Sta, take minimally 45 minutes from Narita Airport. And also take JR Sobu-express line, transfer the line at Funabashi to Keisei-line, get off Keisei Yawata Sta.
- From Haneda International Airport, take Keikyu-line bound to Narita, and get off Keisei Yawata Sta.
- Take 5 minute walk from Keisei Yawata Sta.
- 4-2-1 Yawata, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken
The Scenaries in Katsushika Hachimangu Shirne