Zuishinmon Gate of Katsushika Hachomangu Shrine
Viewing from the grand crossing of Keisei line, a red wooden gate is standing
behind the second Torii gate and gingko trees along the approach to Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine
. It is the Zuishinmon Gate of the shrine designated as the municipal property
of Ichikawa city
. The gate has survived the times of both the syncretism of Shintoism and
Buddhism before Edo period
and the separation of Buddhism and Shintoisma and the anti-Buddhist movement
in Meiji era so it tells the history.
Why don't you visit and see the Zuishinmon Gate?
* Some pictures on this page are taken before the renovation.
Zuishinmon Gate of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine
Zuishinmon Gate of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine designated as the municipal
cultural property of Ichikawa City.
Zuishinmon Gate designated as the cultural property of Ichikawa City is
the Japanese style wooden building with gable roof. There are 3 ken (5.4
m) width distance between the pillars in the front and 2 ken in the side,
and it has total 8 pillars so it is called 'Hakkyakumon' (a gate having
8 legs). The roof was originally one story thatched gable roof, but now
it is the copper roof rebuilt in 1979. The Zuishinmon gate is red measured
10.36 m length and 4.45 m width.
Until the Meiji Restration, in the site of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine,
there was Hacimansan Hozenji Temple, one of the branch temple of, Toeizan
Kaeiji Temple, the Grand Head Temple in Kanto Resion of Tendai Sect in
Buddhism, to manage the shrine, and the Zuichinmon Gate was called Niomon
Gate (the Deva Gate) as statues of Nios (the Deva gods) had been in it.
According to Edo Meisho Zue
(a guide book describing Edo
published in late Edo period), Hozenji Temple dedicated a statue of Amidanyorai
as the main Buddha, and the statues of Kongo and Misshaku were standing
right and left side of the Niomon Gate, and the statues of Tamonten and
were seated behind them. However, some Buddhist properties had been destroyed
and thrown out under the law of the separation of Buddhism and Shintoisma
and the anti-Buddhist movement in Meiji era, the chief priest, staffs,
supporters of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine and Hachimansan Hozenji Temple
had worked hard to protect the Zuishimon and its statues. They first moved
the statues to other temple and they prepared new statues of Shintoism,
both right and left minister generally called Zuishin, so they could change
the name of the gate from Niomon to Zuishinmon. Then it became the Zuishinmon
of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine. Now the stautues of the gate are carefully
preserved in Kaiganzan Tokuganji Temple
Set of articles supporting beams and pillars of the Zuishinmon Gate have some unique features that the construction members supporting them are very thick and Kaerumata (an English knot net) is huge, there are some sculptures of a dragon in clouds and a tiger in bamboos put on inside of it, so the gate is designated as the municipal property. The characteristics on the whole design of the Zuishinmon Gate shows the style in the end of Edo period. There is letters of the date 'Ansei 2nd (1855)' written on the Komainus (a pair of stone guardian dogs) sitting in front of the gate also tells when the gate was built.
Anyway, the Zuishinmon Gate had renovated from February 2003 to August 2004 since bases of some pillars were decayed. Moreover, a white horse called 'Shinme' and 4 gods (Chinese gods controlling 4 directions), Genbu in north, Suzaku in south, Seiryu in east and Byakko in west, were put on the back of the gate.
The Gate and the Statues of the Nios in Kaiganzan Tokuganji Temple
Kaiganzan Tokuganji Temple is a very beautiful and famous temple that Ieyasu Tokugawa
and his family
deeply worshipped and the greatest samurai worrier Mushashi Miyamoto
In the both side of the Sanmon gate, there are the statues of the Nios, and there are the statues of the Daigokuten and the Tamonte behind them.
In addition, there is a jizo for consolation of Miyamoto Musashi in Tokuganji Temple.
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第8卷葛飾紀
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第6卷葛飾誌略
The Location and Access to Zuishinmon Gate
Zuishinmon Gate of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine
- Zuishinmon Gate of Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine has great accessibilities
from both Narita and Haneda International Airport.
- From Narita International Airport, take Keisei-line and get off Keisei
Yawata Sta, take minimally 45 minutes from Narita Airport. And also take
JR Sobu-express line, transfer the line at Funabashi to Keisei-line, get
off Keisei Yawata Sta.
- From Haneda International Airport, take Keikyu-line bound to Narita, and
get off Keisei Yawata Sta.
- Take 5 minute walk from Keisei Yawata Sta.
- 4-2-1 Yawata, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken
The Scenaries in Katsushika Hachimangu Shirne
The Municipal Cultural Property Zuishinmon Gate