History Museum and Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa
Ichikawa-shi History Museum and Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa stands
on the same area where Horinouchi Shell Mound designated the National Historic
Site is preserved. They tell the history of Ichikawa and areas around it.
The history of the area is very long, there are several remains of antique
ages, such as Horinouchi Shell Mound, Ubayama Shell Mound
, Onitaka Remains
in Ichikawa City
. Shimousa Kokufu (the ancient provincial government office in Shimousa)
and Kokubunji Temple
were built in it. There exists many legends and stories of heroes and
heroins in Japanese History in Ichikawa city. The poems of Mama no Tekona
(a beautiful lady in legends) was written in Manyoshu
(the Myriad leaves), Gyoki
built Mamasan Guboji
and Kokubunji Temple. Masakado Taira
built a castle, Yoritomo Minamoto
camped to raise his flag again, Nichiren
first preached, Ogri Hangan
was helped, Dokan Ota
built Konodaijo Castle and a tea ceremony hall, Hojo
and Satomi Clan
fought twice, Ieyasu Tokugawa
passed to go hawking, Musashi Miyamoto
drew pictures and Mito Komon
got lost in the bamboo woods in Ichikawa city. The museum exhibits historical
relics and articles in them.
Why don't you visit Ichikawa-shi History Museum, Museum of Antiquities
of Ichikawa and Horinouchi Shell Mound?
History Museum of Ichikawa City
Ichikawa-shi History Museum exhibits many relics and articles to introduce
the culture and history of the city and areas around after Kamakura period.
In Kamakura period, Nichiren stayed when he escaped from some troubles. In Eod period, Ieyasu Tokugawa supported the salt industry in Gyotoku and passed his road called Gongenmichi to go hawking.
In the museum, there are four rooms, the first room introduces 'the history
of Ichikawa after Kamakura period', the second room is 'the people's life
at seashore', the third is 'the canals and the roads' and the forth is
the people's life on the plateau'.
Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa
Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa collects, preserves and exhibits antique
articles excavated from shell mounds and remains in Ichikawa city. Ichikawa
has Horinouchi, Soya and Ubayama Shell Mound, Onitaka and Suwada
Remains, and the Remains of Kokubunji Temples from Jomon to Heian period.
Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa has five rooms. The first room introduces 'the first people (the pre-ceramic age)' and, the second room is 'the formation of shell mounds (Jomon period), the third is 'the beginning of agriculture', the forth is 'the appearances of old burial mounds (the Tumulus period)' and the fifth room shows 'the age of Ritsuryo (Nara and Heian period)'. Moreover the entrance hall shows 'the change of the environment' and the fossils of corals and a gray whale are exhibited in it.
Horinouchi Shell Mound Designated as The National Historic Site
Registered: July 6th 1964, June 22nd 1967, February 3rd 1952
Designated Area: 26,789.85 square meters
Horinouchi Shell Mound is on the southwestern tip of Shimousa Plateau that spreads on the north part of Chiba prefecture. The shell mound is a remain of an antique village from 3,800 to 2,500 years ago. 'Horinouchi' is a name of village in the east, but the area now Horinauchi Shell Mound in was Komagata in Kokubun village. Now the address is 2-15 Horinouchi, Ichikawa.
The remain is on the narrow table land on the ridge in the valley, Domekiyatsu is on the south and Senzoyatsu is on the north. The area of Horinouchi Shell Mound is 225 meters from east to west and 120 meters from north to south. Shells scattered over on both north and south slopes. The west part of the shell mound spreads on the hill and the western tip end like a passage, so the mound forms a U-shaped slope, it is so called a horseshoe-shaped shell mound.
Horinouchi Shell Mound is the closest large shell mound in Chiba prefecture
, in addition, it is in woods, so it could be excavated easily and many
researchers and lovers of archaeology have visited.
Horinouchi Shell Mound first appeared on a record in 1883. Moreover it was famed that it was introduced on the academic journal that the first hiking by the Anthropological Society of Tokyo held at the shell mound in 1904.
In 1940, Sugao Yamauchi proposed and named the earthenware 'the first type of Horinouchi Earthenware' based on the reports explaining to figure out some differences between them collected in 1917 and 1921.
In 1954, the researchers of Waseda, Keio and Meiji University entrusted by the Anthropological Society of Japan excavated and surveyed the landscapes of the shell mound, and Meiji University's excavated the final research point 'B', so Horinouchi Shell Mound excavated several times by many researchers.
Small round snails called Ibokisago are the largest and calm shells are the secondary largest number found at the mound and they live in sandy tideland. The third are Okishijimi (a kind of corbiculae), it supposes that the area the shell mound had changed to be muddy beach. Fish discovered at the mound are generally found in Tokyo Bay now, black porgies are the largest and many cuttlefish that have shells found in it are typical. Bones of wild boars and deer are found, so they were food for people living around the mound at that time. But they ate a lot of vegetable food as their staple food.
The excavation has not been completed. The remains of their residences
were found from on the top of the table to on the slope, and their bones
were on the slope. Besides, wooden facilities to remove the bitter tastes
from nuts and some relics were discovered on the slope at Michimeki Yatsu
on the south. There would be many remains carried by landslides buried
in the earth such as a place to drawing water, a landing place and canoes.
It supposes that the people living in the area around Horinouchi Shell
Mound would go to the sea a few miles away from it by boats.
History Museum of Ichikawa
2-27-1 Horinouchi Ichikawa-shi Chiba-ken
Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa
2-26-1 Horinouchi Ichikawa-shi Chiba-ken
Horinouchi Shell Mound
(in between the Museums above)
- History Museum of Ichikawa, Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa and Horinouchi Shell Mound have great accessibilities from both Narita and Haneda International Airport.
- From Narita International Airport, take Keisei Narita Sky Access line bound to Nippori Sta or Haneda International Airport and get off Shin Kamagaya Sta, transfer the line to Hokuso line bound to Nishi Magome or Haneda International Airport and get off Kita Kokubun Sta.
- From Haneda International Airport, take Keikyu-line bound to Inba Nihon Daigaku (Nihon University) and get off Kita Kokubun Sta.
- Take 11 minute walk from Kita Kokubun Sta.
Landmarks near Museums of History and Antiquities of Ichikawa
It is famous for the beautiful cherry blossoms and the flamed colored autumnal leaves
Tekona Reishindo Shrine has loved and described in many poems for thousands years
Kokubunji in Ichikawa city is designated as the histric site by the government.
Guo Moruo Memorial Park gives an illusion to us to stray into a town in early Showa era.
Suwada Ruins and the stone tablet inscribed by Guo Moruo are in the park. Cherry blossoms and roses bloom in spring.
The park extending 400m long along the cherry trees.
There are many seasonal flowers brightly blooming in the garden.
A Western-style Building like a hat in fairy tales in woods.
History Museum and Museum of Antiquities of Ichikawa-shi, and Horinouchi Shell Mound
The museums introduce history of the areas around Ichikawa.
It commands a panoramic view of Mt.Fuji behind the skyscrapers in Tokyo.
The areas along the river have many noted spots that people could enjoy history and culture.
The park is the noted scenic spot to see cherry blossoms, roses and colored leaves.