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Nakayama is in between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Uesugi Family

Uesugi Family

Uesigi Family belongs to Kajuji Family, a branch family of Fujiwara Family. After Shigefusa Fujiwara, the 19th generation of Kamatari Fujiwara, settled in Uesugi-sho Tanba Province (Ayabe-shi in Kyoto), they used Uesugi as their family name.
After Kmakura period, Uesugi formed ties of marriage with Ashikaga Family, especially, Kiyoko, a grand-daughter of Shigefusa married with Sadauji, the father of Takauji, the founder of Muromachi Bakufu. When Takauji appointed his son Motouji as Kanto Kubo, Noriaki Uesugi, the grandson of Yorishige, the son of Shigefusa, went to Kamakura to be the Kanto Kanrei (the regent of Kamakura Kubo and managing samurais in Kanto) and they succeeded the position.
Uesugi Family had divided into four branch families, Yamanouchi, Inugake, Takuma and Ougigayatsu, and they had spread among the eastern part of Japan. But the four Uesugis had had constant conflicts within them. Finally, Norimasa Uesugi of Yamanouchi was defeated by Hojo Family in Odawara and he escaped to Echigo (Niigata ken). Norimasa abdicated his family name and the position of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao (his Buddhist name Kenshin Uesugi). After that Kagetora named himself Masatora Uesugi.
After death of Kenshin, his nephew Kagekatsu succeeded. Kagekatsu gained large land in Aizu by Hideyoshi Toyotomi, but he lost the battle at Sekigahara and he moved to Yonezawa. And Uesugi Family continued by Meiji Era.


参考
クロニック戦国全史
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Yamanouchi Uesugi

Yamanouchi Uesugi

Yamanouchi Uesugi Family was one of Uesugi Families belonging to Kajuji Family in Fujiwara Family. In 1379, Noriaki Uesugi moved to Kamakura and he was appinnted the position of Kanto Kanrei (the regent of Kamakura Kubo and managing samurais in Kanto) by Motouji Ashikaga, the First Kamakura Kubo, and he settled in Yamanouchi Kamakura, then he named Yamanouchi Uesugi for his family name.
Since the Eikyo War in 1438, there had been constant conflicts happened in between Kamakura Kubo of Ashikaga Family and Kanto Kanrei Yamanouchi Uesugi Family to gain the complete power to control Kanto. Finally, bushos in Kanto was divided into two parties and Kyotoku Incidents broke out since Shigeuji Ashikaga assassinated Noritada Uesugi in 1454. But Yamanouchi Uesugi gained Musashi and Kamitsuke province by the conflicts.
In 1482, Yamanoushi Uesugi reconciled with Koga Kubo (the descendants of Kamakura Kubo). They had had many conflicts with Ougigayatsu Uesugi since 1487 and they defeated them in 1505. Though Akizane Ashikaga, a son of Koga Kubo Shigeuji Ashikaga, took the position of Kanto Kanrei once in 1510, Norifusa Uesugi defeated Akizane and regained the position 2 years later.
Norimasa Uesugi, a son of Norifusa, was opposed to Ujiyasu Hojo who attempted to expand to the northern Kanto region. In 1545, he lost the battle at Kawagoejo Castle After he lost Hiraijo Castle, he escaped to Echigo Province in 1552. Finally, he gave his family name and the position of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao (Kenshin Uesugi).


参考
クロニック戦国全史
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Ougigayatsu Uesugi

Ougigayatsu Uesugi

Ougigayatsu Uesugi Family was one of Uesugi Families belonging to Kajuji Family in Fujiwara Family.
Akisada Uesugi settled in Ougigayatsu Kamakura and he named Ougigayatsu for his family name.
After Eikyo War, Mochitomo, a grandson of Akisada, gained the next rank in Kamakurafu (the office of Kamakura Kubo) to Yamanouchi Uesugi and the position of Sagami no Kami (the provincial governor of Sagami).
Soon after Kyotoku Incident in 1455, Akifusa Yamanouchi Uesugi died at the battle, Mochitomo worked the central role since the head of Yamanouchi was too young to rule, then he expanded to Musashi province and he moved to Kawagoejo Castle as their base.
Sadamasa, a son of Mochitomo, gained power as influential as Yamanouchi had as he had a great retainer Dokan Ota, one of the most famous sengoku bushos. However, he assassinated Dokan in 1486, he had been opposed to Akisada Yamanouchi Uesugi deeply since 1489, at last he died at the battle in 1494. His son Tomoyoshi often fought against Akisada with supports by Koga Kubo Masauji Ashikaga, but he laid down Akisada's arm in 1505.
In 1509, Ougigayatsu Uesugi Family lost Sagami Province by the expansion of Hojo in Odawara. In 1524, they lost Edojo Castle, and they lost Kawagoejo Castle in 1537. Finally, they were ruined when they lost the battles to regain Kawagoejo Castle in 1546.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Zenshu Uesugi / Ujinori Uesugi

Zenshu Uesugi / Ujinori Uesugi (? -1411)

Ujinori Uesugi was a daimyo in the middle of Muromachi period who belonged to Inugake Uesugi Family and Zenshu was his Buddhist name. He was also a military governor ruled Musashi and Kazusa Province. In addition, he served Kamakura Kubo Mochiuji Ashikaga then, he became a Kanto Kanrei in 1411.
However, Ujinori fell out with Mochiuji later, he finally revolted to Mochiuji in 1416. This incident was called Uesugi Zenshu no Ran (Uesugi Zenshu Revolt). Ujinori defeated Michiuji and occupied Kamakura once but he lost the battles and he killed himself in 1417.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Norizane Uesugi

Norizane Uesugi (1411-1466)

Norizane Uesugi was a busho or a dimyo in the middle of Muromachi period. He was an adopted son of Norimoto Uesugi Yamanouchi. He was a Kanto Kanrei.
Norizane served Kamakura Kubo Mochiuji Ashikaga and he tried to mediate between the 6th Shougun of Muromachi Bakufu Yoshinori Ashikaga and Mochiuji, but Norizane fell out with Mochiuji, and Mochiuji revolted to be the Shogun. Finally, Mochiuji failed and killed himself in 1434. This incident was Eikyo no Ran (Eikyo Revolt).
After that, Norizane once attend the affair of Kanto region. he retired later. He became a Buddhist and went on pilgrimage.
Norizane loved studies so he rebuilt Ashikaga Gakko (one of the oldest college in Japan).


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Sadamasa Uesugi

Sadamasa Uesugi (1443ー1494)

Sadamasa Uesugi was a busho or a dimyo in Sengoku Period who was a son of Mochitomo Uesugi Ougigayatsu.
Sadamasa promoted Dokan Ota on the important position of his government and his influences expanded by his support. But he assassinated Dokan by some false charges by his rival Akisada Uesugi Yamanouchi.
After the death of Dokan, his influences were declined and he died at the battle against Akisada.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Kenshin, Terutora or Masatora Uesugi / Kagetora Nagao

Kenshin Uesugi (1530-1578)

Kenshin Uesugi was one of the most popular bushos or dimyos in Sengoku period. He was a son of Tamekage Nagao who was a retainer of Yamanouchi Uesugi Clan and he was a vice military governer of Echigo province (Niigata prefecture). He was called Kagetora in his young ages. In 1561, Kenshin succeeded the head of Uesgi Clan and the position of Kanto Kanrei. Then he changed his name 'Masatora Uesugi' and 'Terutora' later. Kenshin was his Buddist name.
Kenshin became the head of Kasugayamajo Castle when he was 19 years old. He expanded among Hokuriku region. He opposed against Hojo in Odawara and Takeda in Kai. Especially, his battles against Shingen Takeda at Kawanakajima were very famous. He concluded a military alliance with Mori Family in Chugoku region to oppose Nobunaga Oda.
In 1578, Kenshin died from natural causes when he had attempted to march on Kyoto to defeat Nobunaga.
Kenshin contributed improvement of business affairs in his provinces, so he encouraged immigration, reclamation, afforestation and so on.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典