Uesigi Family belongs to Kajuji Family, a branch family of Fujiwara Family.
After Shigefusa Fujiwara, the 19th generation of Kamatari Fujiwara, settled
in Uesugi-sho Tanba Province (Ayabe-shi in Kyoto), they used Uesugi as
their family name.
After Kmakura period
, Uesugi formed ties of marriage with Ashikaga Family
, especially, Kiyoko, a grand-daughter of Shigefusa married with Sadauji,
the father of Takauji, the founder of Muromachi Bakufu
. When Takauji appointed his son Motouji as Kanto Kubo
, Noriaki Uesugi, the grandson of Yorishige, the son of Shigefusa, went
to be the Kanto Kanrei
(the regent of Kamakura Kubo and managing samurais in Kanto) and they
succeeded the position.
Uesugi Family had divided into four branch families, Yamanouchi
, Inugake, Takuma and Ougigayatsu
, and they had spread among the eastern part of Japan. But the four Uesugis
had had constant conflicts within them. Finally, Norimasa Uesugi of Yamanouchi
was defeated by Hojo Family in Odawara
and he escaped to Echigo (Niigata ken). Norimasa abdicated his family
name and the position of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao
(his Buddhist name Kenshin Uesugi). After that Kagetora named himself
After death of Kenshin, his nephew Kagekatsu succeeded. Kagekatsu gained large land in Aizu by Hideyoshi Toyotomi
, but he lost the battle at Sekigahara and he moved to Yonezawa. And Uesugi Family continued by Meiji Era.
Yamanouchi Uesugi Family was one of Uesugi Families belonging to Kajuji
Family in Fujiwara Family. In 1379, Noriaki Uesugi moved to Kamakura
and he was appinnted the position of Kanto Kanrei
(the regent of Kamakura Kubo and managing samurais in Kanto) by Motouji
Ashikaga, the First Kamakura Kubo
, and he settled in Yamanouchi Kamakura, then he named Yamanouchi Uesugi
for his family name.
Since the Eikyo War in 1438, there had been constant conflicts happened
in between Kamakura Kubo of Ashikaga Family and Kanto Kanrei Yamanouchi
Uesugi Family to gain the complete power to control Kanto. Finally, bushos
in Kanto was divided into two parties and Kyotoku Incidents broke out since
Shigeuji Ashikaga assassinated Noritada Uesugi in 1454. But Yamanouchi
Uesugi gained Musashi
province by the conflicts.
In 1482, Yamanoushi Uesugi reconciled with Koga Kubo
(the descendants of Kamakura Kubo). They had had many conflicts with Ougigayatsu Uesugi
since 1487 and they defeated them in 1505. Though Akizane Ashikaga, a
son of Koga Kubo Shigeuji Ashikaga, took the position of Kanto Kanrei once
in 1510, Norifusa Uesugi defeated Akizane and regained the position 2 years
Norimasa Uesugi, a son of Norifusa, was opposed to Ujiyasu Hojo
who attempted to expand to the northern Kanto region. In 1545, he lost
the battle at Kawagoejo Castle After he lost Hiraijo Castle, he escaped
to Echigo Province in 1552. Finally, he gave his family name and the position
of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao
Ougigayatsu Uesugi Family was one of Uesugi Families belonging to Kajuji
Family in Fujiwara Family.
Akisada Uesugi settled in Ougigayatsu Kamakura and he named Ougigayatsu for his family name.
After Eikyo War, Mochitomo, a grandson of Akisada, gained the next rank
in Kamakurafu (the office of Kamakura Kubo
) to Yamanouchi Uesugi
and the position of Sagami no Kami (the provincial governor of Sagami
Soon after Kyotoku Incident in 1455, Akifusa Yamanouchi Uesugi died at
the battle, Mochitomo worked the central role since the head of Yamanouchi
was too young to rule, then he expanded to Musashi province
and he moved to Kawagoejo Castle as their base.
, a son of Mochitomo, gained power as influential as Yamanouchi had as
he had a great retainer Dokan Ota
, one of the most famous sengoku bushos. However, he assassinated Dokan
in 1486, he had been opposed to Akisada Yamanouchi Uesugi deeply since
1489, at last he died at the battle in 1494. His son Tomoyoshi often fought
against Akisada with supports by Koga Kubo Masauji Ashikaga, but he laid
down Akisada's arm in 1505.
In 1509, Ougigayatsu Uesugi Family lost Sagami Province by the expansion
of Hojo in Odawara
. In 1524, they lost Edojo Castle, and they lost Kawagoejo Castle in 1537.
Finally, they were ruined when they lost the battles to regain Kawagoejo
Castle in 1546.
Zenshu Uesugi / Ujinori Uesugi (? -1411)
Ujinori Uesugi was a daimyo in the middle of Muromachi period
who belonged to Inugake Uesugi Family and Zenshu was his Buddhist name.
He was also a military governor ruled Musashi
and Kazusa Province
. In addition, he served Kamakura Kubo
Mochiuji Ashikaga then, he became a Kanto Kanrei
However, Ujinori fell out with Mochiuji later, he finally revolted to Mochiuji
in 1416. This incident was called Uesugi Zenshu no Ran (Uesugi Zenshu Revolt).
Ujinori defeated Michiuji and occupied Kamakura
once but he lost the battles and he killed himself in 1417.
Norizane Uesugi (1411-1466)
Norizane Uesugi was a busho or a dimyo in the middle of Muromachi period
. He was an adopted son of Norimoto Uesugi Yamanouchi. He was a Kanto Kanrei.
Norizane served Kamakura Kubo
Mochiuji Ashikaga and he tried to mediate between the 6th Shougun of Muromachi Bakufu Yoshinori Ashikaga
and Mochiuji, but Norizane fell out with Mochiuji, and Mochiuji revolted
to be the Shogun. Finally, Mochiuji failed and killed himself in 1434.
This incident was Eikyo no Ran (Eikyo Revolt).
After that, Norizane once attend the affair of Kanto region. he retired later. He became a Buddhist and went on pilgrimage.
Norizane loved studies so he rebuilt Ashikaga Gakko (one of the oldest college in Japan).
Sadamasa Uesugi (1443ー1494)
Sadamasa Uesugi was a busho or a dimyo
in Sengoku Period
who was a son of Mochitomo Uesugi Ougigayatsu.
Sadamasa promoted Dokan Ota
on the important position of his government and his influences expanded
by his support. But he assassinated Dokan by some false charges by his
rival Akisada Uesugi Yamanouchi.
After the death of Dokan, his influences were declined and he died at the battle against Akisada.
Kenshin Uesugi (1530-1578)
Kenshin Uesugi was one of the most popular bushos or dimyos
in Sengoku period
. He was a son of Tamekage Nagao who was a retainer of Yamanouchi Uesugi Clan
and he was a vice military governer of Echigo province (Niigata prefecture).
He was called Kagetora in his young ages. In 1561, Kenshin succeeded the
head of Uesgi Clan and the position of Kanto Kanrei
. Then he changed his name 'Masatora Uesugi' and 'Terutora' later. Kenshin
was his Buddist name.
Kenshin became the head of Kasugayamajo Castle when he was 19 years old.
He expanded among Hokuriku region. He opposed against Hojo in Odawara
and Takeda in Kai. Especially, his battles against Shingen Takeda at Kawanakajima
were very famous. He concluded a military alliance with Mori Family in
Chugoku region to oppose Nobunaga Oda
In 1578, Kenshin died from natural causes when he had attempted to march on Kyoto to defeat Nobunaga.
Kenshin contributed improvement of business affairs in his provinces, so he encouraged immigration, reclamation, afforestation and so on.