Kamakura Kubo or Kanto Kubo
Kamakura Kubo was the title for a chief officer in Kamakura appointed
by Muromachi Bakufu
to rule samurais in Kanto region.
In 1349, Takauji Ashikaga, the first Shoguno of Muromach Bakufu sent his second son Motouji to Kamakura as the Kubo. After that, descendants of Motouji sacceeded the position.
The influence of the Kubo was declined after Eikyo Incident. The 5th Kubo
Shigeuji Ashikaga betrayed the Bakufu and he moved to Koga in Shomousa
and he opposed to Horikoshi Kubo sent by the Bakufu. After that, he named
Kamakura Kubo sometimes called Kanto Kubo and Kamakura Gosho.
The Successive Kamakura and Koga Kubos
- 01 Motouji Ashikaga 1349-1367
- 02 Ujimitsu Ashikaga 1367-1398
- 03 Mitsukane Ashikaga 1398-1409
- 04 Mochiuji Ashikaga 1409-1439
- 05 Shigeuji Ashikaga 1439-1455
- 01 Shigeuji Ashikaga 1455-1497
- 02 Masauji Ashikaga 1497-1512
- 03 Takamoto Ashikaga 1512-1535
- 04 Haruuji Ashikaga 1535-1552
- 05 Yoshiuji Ashikaga 1552-1583
After the battle at Bubaigawara in 1455, Kamakura Kubo
Shigeuji Ashikaga escaped to and raised his arms at Koga in Shimousa Province.
Therefore, he and his descendants were called Koga Kubo.
Koga Kubo opposed to Muromachi Bakufu, Horikoshi Kubo
and Uesgi Clans
there. Finally, Koga Kubo surrendered to Hojo Family in Odawara
. After the death of the 5th Kubo Yoshiuji in 1583, Koga Kubo was ruined.
Horikoshi Kubo was a kind of nikname of Masatomo Ashikaga.
Yoshimasa Ashikaga, the 8th Shogun of Muromachi Bakufu
, sent Masatomo to Kanto to be the chief officer of Kamakurafu and to defeat
Shigauji Ashikaga since Shigeuji disregarded the Bakufu's orders and he
raised his arms at Koga in Shimousa
. However, Masatomo could not enter into Kamakura
, then he stayed at Horikosi in Izu
and he opposed to Shigeuji there until he died in 1491. Therefore, he
was called Horikoshi Kubo.
Kanto Kanrei was a title of a position that supported the chief officer
of the branch office of Muromachi Bakufu
. The position was succeeded by Uesugi Family
. Kanto Kanrei administered affairs of the east part of Japan. The office of the Kanrei was called Kamakurafu. Then, sometimes it was called Kamakura Kanrei.
First, Takauji Ashikaga send his 4th son Motouji Kamakura as the Kanrei
and he appointed Uesugi Family as a steward of Motouji. However, Kanrei
gained power among Kanto Region gradually, Mitsukane, the grandson of Motouji,
named himself Kamakura Kubo
and Uesugi Family took the position of Kanto Kanrei.
In 1439, Mochiuji opposed to the Bakufu, then he was destroyed by the Bakufu, it was called 'Eikyo no Ran (Eikyo Inchident)'. After the incident, Uesugi Family gained power that was worthy of Kanto Kanrei.
Later, Shigeuji Ashikaga, the son of Mochiuji, was once appointed to be
the Kanrei, but he opposed to Masatomo Ashikaga who was sent by the Bakufu
to be the chief officer of Kamakurafu. As the result, Shigeuji escaped
to Koga in Shimousa and Masatomo could not enter Kamakura. Therefore, Shigauji
was called Koga Kubo
and Masatomo was called Horikoshi Kubo
. And there were constant troubles within Uesgi Family, then the influence of Kanto Kanrei was declined.
In Sengoku Period
, Hojo Family in Odawara
began its rise power in Kanto Region and the Hojo defeated Norimasa Uesugi. Norimasa finally escaped to Echigo (Niigataken) and Norimasa abdicated his family name and the position of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao
(his Buddhist name Kenshin Uesugi).