Shizuoka Prefecture : The Short Summary Of Shizuoka-ken
Most tourists visiting Japan are familiar with Mt.Fuji
, it is located on Shizuoka Prefecture, so Shizuoka is famous for Mt.Fuji.
Moreover, the length from east to west is very long, so it has 6 stations
for Shinkansen, that is also the famous information of the prefecture.
It is on the Tokai-do.
After Meiji Restoration, Izu
, Suruga and Totomi Province
merged into Shizuoka Prefecture.
From the Old Stone Ages, people settled in Shizuoka Prefecture, so some remains of 14,000 years ago found at Kitahama city, and there are about 200 points to find the remains in Shizuoka Prefecture. In addition, remains of Jomon Ages were found over 2000 points. Toro Remain is a very famous remain of Yayoi Ages was found.
Now Shizuoka Prefecture appears on Nihonshoki (Chronicles Of Japan), it talked about Prince Yamato Takeru. It tells about the town names.
Before Heian Period
, Izu-no-kuni (Izu Province)
was a place of exile, so Yoritomo Minamoto , the founder of Kamakura Bakufu
, was one of the deportees. In 1159, his father Yoshitomo lost the Heiji
Rebellion, so he was defeated by Kiyomori Taira, and he was killed by his
vassals when he was running to the east. Yoritomo met his wife, Masako
Hojo, that changed his fate then he became the first Shogun and founded
the first samurai government in Japan. Yoritomo was very faithful, there
are many temples and shrines built in Kamakura Period
in Shizuoka Prefecture. Especially, Nichiren
set his base at Minobu in Yamanashi Prefecture (next to Shizuoka) and
he preached energitically, and the followers of Nichiren Sect
increased in Shizuoka Prefecture, Taishakuji Temple and Kitayama Honmonji
Temple were built in this period.
From the Northen and the Southern Dynasties
to Sengoku Period
, Imagawa Clan successed the position of the military governor of Suruga
Province, and developed their power around. In the 14th century the Imagawa
Clan also seated on the military governor of Totomi Province, so they rule
Late Muromachi Period
, Shinkuro Ise (later he named Soun Hojo) came to Suruga to help his yonger sister who was a concubine of Yoshitada Imagawa and the mother of Ujichika Imagawa when the Imagawa Clan had a power struggle within the clan after Yoshitada had passed. He helped Ujichika to quite the struggle and seize the power stably. After Ujichika succeeded the head of the Imagawa Clan, Soun was appointed the lord staying Kokokuji Castle in eastern Suruga. Next he overthrew Horikoshi Kubo (Horikoshi Shogun in Izu), and he raised his arms to extend his territory to the Kanto Region.
Sunpu (Shizuoka City) flourished as the center city of the territory of
the Imagawa Clan. After the Onin War, the nobles from Kyoto visited Sunpu
to ask Imagawa's supports. Once Imagwa ruled Suruga, Totomi and Mikawa
Province (eastern Aich Prefecture), but in 1560 Yoshimot Imagawa, the son
of Ujichika, was defeated Nobunaga Oda
, the most famous daimyo and the first winner of Sengoku Period, and he
was killed at the Battle Of Okehazama. The Imagawa Clan lost their power.
After the Battle Of Okehazama, Ieyasu Tokugawa
took back his castle, the Okazakijo Castle in Mikawa Province to be an
independent lord and he tried to develop his power around the province,
so he was allied with Nobunaga Oda, the lord of Owari-no-kuni that was
on the west of his territory. Then they decided that Ieyasu would try to
extend to east, and Nobunaga would try west. In 1582, Ieyasu gained Totomi
and Suruga when they won the battles against Takeda Clan. In 1603, he seized
the absolute power to control Japan. So, Shizuoka became the territory
of Tokugawa Clan
until it was registered as Shizuoka Prefecture in 1876.
Shizuoka Prefecture flourished with Tokaido road from Edo
) to Kyoto, there were 22 post towns in the resion of prefecture through
. Now it is similar to then. Sizuoka is the very attractive prefecture.
No.18 in the map below is Shizuoka Prefecture