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Nakayama is in between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Sen no Rikyu | the greatest tea master in Japan

Sen no Rikyu (1522-91)

Rikyu Sen was a great tea master born in a wealthy merchant family in Sakai Izumi Province (Osaka) in late Muromachi to Azuchi Momoyama Period founded Senke Tea Schools. His Buddhist name was Soeki. Rikyu leaned 'Wabicha' handed down from Shuko Murata by Jouo Takeno. He successfully completed his style of simple and clean tea ceremony with ingeniously designed tea sets and a tea room like a thatched hut, so he completed 'wabicha'. Rikyu became 'Go Sado (the leader of the tea masters)' in the government of Nobunaga Oda and Hideyoshi Toyotomi, therefore he was praised as the greatest tea master in Japan. Rikyu entered into the politics. Finally, he was killed himself by the anger of Hideyoshi.


参考
大辞林
日本世界人名辞典
新制版 日本史辞典

Chado or Sado / Cha no Yu

Chado or Sado / Cha no Yu

Chado or Sado is the manner of Cha no Yu (holding tea ceremony).
In Kamakura Period, Eisai, a priest of Buddhism, brought a tradition drinking tea, at first tea gave people as a kind of medicines. Then tea ceremonies held at temples belonging to Zen Shu in Buddhism. The tea ceremony gradually spread among people, Cha Yoriai (many people gathered and drunk tea) became popular, then next Tocha (a game that participants guess what kind of tea leaves are serving) became popular in Nanbokucho Period.
In Muramachi Period, Shuko Murata served Yoshimasa Ashikaga, the 8th Shogun of Muromachi Bakufu, he started 'Wabicha' that tea masters and their participants would make much of some ingeniously designed tools, and it would be emphasized how important participants at the ceremony kept their mental conditions well. It means that people would strengthen themselves emotionally and master the profound studies of social manners. And Jouo Takeno succeeded his style and his disciple, Rikyu Sen completed the Wabicha.
After Rikyu, his school has been divided into three such as Omote Senke, Ura Senke and Mushanokoji Senke. His schools are the main streams. On the other hands, there are some other schools, Oribe Furuta, Enshu Kobori and Sekishu Katagiri are famous.


参考
大辞林
日本世界人名辞典
新制版 日本史辞典