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Nakayama is in between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

The Short Summary of Zen Shu / Zen Sect in Buddhism

Zen Shu

Zen Shu or Zen Sect is a Buddist sect. The main idea of Zen Shu adopts Zen meditation as the major practice to find the nature of Buddhism in a human mind to be spiritual awakened to attain nirvana. There are no words how to enlighten Satori, Zen meditation is only the way to get Satori. In 6th century, Zen Shu was improved in China, it was first imported to Japan in Kamakura period such as Rinzai Shu and Soto Shu. In Edo period, Obaku Shu, one of Zen Sect was imported. Rinzai, Soto and Obaku Shu are 3 Zen Sects in Japan now.
Especially, Rinzai and Soto Shu were popular among Samurai Worriers, and their thoughts influenced to the study, philosophy, literature and arts such as Gozan Bungaku (the literature of Five Major Temples in Kyoto), Shushigaku (orthodox of New Confucianism), Suibokuga (drawings in Indian ink) and so forth.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典

The Short Summary of Rinzai Shu / Rinzai Sect

Rinzai Shu

Rinzai Shu or Rinzai Sect is one of Zen Sects imported to Japan from the Song Dynasty in China by Eisai (1141 - 1215) in early Kamakura period. Priests in Rinzai Shu sit Zen meditation and think about a question presented to one seeking to learn the secrets of Zen to be in Satori called Koan Zen with Bokatsu that priests could train with elder priests who severely reprimand and pat them with bars.
Eisai built Kenninji Temple in Kyoto and Rinzai Shu had been supported by Kamakura and Muromachi Bakufu and it was flourished greatly, especially 5 Major Temples in both Kamakura and Kyoto reached at their prosperity and some famous priests left behind their successful works, Muso Soseki who built Tenryuji Temple in Kyoto was very famous.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典

The Short Summary of Soto Shu / Soto Sect

Soto Shu

Soto Shu or Soto Sect is one of Zen Sects imported to Japan from the Song Dynasty in China by Dogen (1200 - 1253) in early Kamakura period. It has two grand head temples, Eiheiji Temple in Fukui prefecture and Sojiji Temple in Kanagawa prefecture. Soto Shu encourages to Zen meditation to be spiritual awakened by oneself. Soto Shu propagated among samurai worriers and farmers.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典

The Short Summary of Obaku Shu / Obaku Sect

Obaku Shu

Obaku Shu or Obaku Sect is one of Zen Sects imported to Japan from Ming Dynasty in China by Ingen (1592 - 1673) in Edo period. In 1661, Ingen built Obakusan Manpukuji Temple in Uji Kyoto. The second chief abbot Mokuan organized the temple and the sect. Obaku Shu has some Buddhist traditions and tastes in Ming Dynasty even now.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典