Joyato Park (The Night-Light Park)
The stone night light
standing on the bank along Edogawa river is Joyato
designated as the municipal cultural property by Ichikawa city
On the side of the light, Chinese characters '日本橋 (Nihonbhasi)' that is
the destination of the ships from Gyotoku were carved. According to Edo Meisho Zue
and Katsushika Shiryaku, the bank Joyato standing were called Shingashi,
there were several inns and it was very crowded with thousands people and
goods since it is the starting point of some roads to go Boso peninsula
) and Hitachi Province (Ibaraki prefecture), and also many boats from norther
Kanto region and northern provinces of Japan came and brought a lot of
goods to go to Edo
to sell them. So Gyotoku is the east gate of Edo. Many tourists got on
the boats at Nihonbashi Koamicho in Edo, and they passed through Onagigawa
and Shinkawa (Funaborigawa) river, then they landed on Shingasi in Gyotoku
to walk on Kashima, Sakura (Chiba), Narita Kaido Highway to their destinations.
The great swordman Musashi Miyamoto
and the great haiku poet Basho Matsuo
might land on Gyotoku to go on their trips. Moreover, Ieyasu Tokugawa
changed the flow of Tonegawa river
to east and it flows to the Pacific Ocean directly since it had flown
to Tokyo bay and had flooded several times. Then Gyotoku became the east
gate of Edo.
There are still many old residences along Gyotoku Kaido Highway.
Why don't you visit Joyato Park
Joyato (The Night-Light)
Joyato designated as the municipal property in October 7th of 1955
This Joyato was built in 1812 by the people belonging to Naritakochu a
group that many people assembled to go to Naritasan Shishoji Temple. Maybe
they might pray for their trip safe. And there are some names carved on
the side were the people supported to build it. In Edo period, many people
visited Naitasan Shinshoji Temple from Edo so Gyotoku was the important
port on the way to Narita from Edo.
The bank now Joyato standing was called Shingashi (port) at that time.
The boats from Gyotoku to Edo came and went in Edogawa river was called Gyotokubune in general. They went down Edogawa river, then they passed through Shinkawa (Funaborigwa) and Onagikawa river and finally reached at Nihonbashi Koamicho. It is approximately 12.6 km long between them. People in Naritakochu and salt produced in Gyotoku were carried by the boats.
The great haiku poet Basho Matsuo and a famous painter and a cheif retainer of Tabaruhan Kazan Watanabe visited Gyotoku. Especially Kazan drew the landscapes around the joyato in his book 'Shishu Sinkei Zukan'.
In Meiji era, some steam boats appeared on Edogawa river, and a picture
painted the landscape around the joyato remains in 'Narita Miyage Meisho
Zukushi' a record published at that time. The picture tells that Shingashi
was very crowded with thousands people going to Narita and many boats carrying
many goods to Tokyo
so the Joyato might be a landmark.
In 2009, Joyato Park was built to preserve it and to tell the history.
The Prosperity of Shingashi in Gyotoku
Shingashi in Gyotoku
Shingashi in Edo period was crowded with thousands tourists and goods carrying on hundreds of boats on Edogawa river, and it was a starting point of Narita Kaido Highway to go to Naritasan Shinshoji Temple. The picture that shows how the port town was flourished remains in Edo Meisho Zue.
In the port, there were a guard house, bulletins and inns for tourists
to take some breaks, especially an inn Shigaraki that the founder had come
from Shigaraki in Oumi province (Shiga prefecture) was very famous. In
the opposite side of the road of it, there was a Udon restaurants called
Sasaya Udon Shop written in many literatures and having some legends that
had visited was also very famous and popular.
In Meiji era, steam boats went on Edogawa river, then Shingashi was changed to 'Jokigashi' as Joki means Steam. Shingashi was still crowded with people who would get on the steam boats.
房総叢書 紀元二千六百年記念 第6卷葛飾誌略
Joyato Park (the Night-Light Park)
- Joyato Park (the Night-Light Park) has a great accessibility from both Narita and Haneda International Airport.
- From Narita International Airport, take JR Sobu-express line, transfer the line at Nishi-funabashi to Tozai line of Tokyo Metro bound to Nakano or Mitaka, get off Myoden Sta. And also take Keisei-line, transfer the line at Funabashi to Sobu-Local line, and transfer the line at Nishi-funabashi to Tozai line of Tokyo Metro bound to Nakano or Mitaka, get off Myoden Sta. It takes minimally 60 minutes from Narita Airport.
- From Haneda International Airport, take Keikyu-line bound to Narita, transfer the line at Nihonbashi to Tozai line of Tokyo Metro bound to Nishifunabashi, Tsudanuma or Katsutadai, get off Myoden Sta.
- From Tokyo (Otemachi) Sta, take Tozai line of Tokyo Metro bound to Nishi-funabashi, Tsudanuma or Katsutadai, get off Myoden Sta.
- From Akihabara Sta, take Sobu line bound to Chiba, Tsudanuma or Nishi Funabashi, transfer the line at Nishifunabashi to Tozai line of Tokyo Metro, get off Myoden Sta.
- Take 15 minute walk from Myoden Sta.
- Around 34 and 35 Hongyotoku, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken
Noted Spots along Gyotokukido Highway
Joyato Park (The Night-Light)