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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Urayasu city / The Short Summary Of Urayasu-shi

Urayasu city is on the western part of Chiba prefecture, so it is also east side of Tokyo. It is on the next to Tokyo, so most citizens worked in Tokyo. Moreover, millions of tourists go to the resort area in Urayasu every year. Urayasu is the one of the most exciting cities in Japan.

The history of the area now called Urayasu might start before Kamakura period since there are two temples built in Kamakura period and it implies there were many people still lived in there at that time. In early Edo period, Takumi Tanaka and Shinuemon Kano dag a canal from Hayashimizu Spring in Kamagaya to Toadaijima in Urayasu since the land in Urayasu was low from, it had often suffered from floods, so it was not adequate to grow crops. To solve this problem, they got a license from Edo Bakufu in 1620 to dig a canal from Hayashimizu Spring in Kamagaya to Toadaijima in Urayasu. Later, the canal is called Takumibori or Jotenbori afther their name. Moreover, Urayasu was directly controlled by Edo Bakufu since it directly connected to the central part of Edo with water (Edogawa river, Shinborigawa river and Onagigawa), so the area was very flourished the fishing industry and transportation on Edogawa River, especially the fishing industry in Urayasu was famous for 'Bekabune (a small wooden boat to fish)'. Urayasu was the important food supply center for Edo.

In April 1889, Urayasu-mura was built up with 3 villages, Horie, Nekozane and Todaijima village and it became Urayasu-cho in September 1909. But Urayasu had not been developed much until mid-Showa era since it was surrounded by waters. Since 1964, the sea shore around Urayasu has been filled up and the area of it grew larger and its population has increased rapidly. In 1981, Urayasu became Urayasu-shi (Urayasu City).

The name 'Urayasu' comes from the words 'Ura Yasukare (to be peaceful sea)' by the first mayor of Urayasu village, he hopes people living in Urayasu would peace in mind. Moreover, Izanagi, the father of Amaterasu, named Japan 'Urayasu' in Nihonshoki (the first book of the national history of Japan edited by the Government in Nara period), Urayasu is an old name of Japan (Nippon or Yamato).


Landmarks
The Residence of Otsuka
The Residence of Udagawa


参考
浦安市ホームページ
大辞林
ウィッキペディア