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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Kanda / The Short Summary Introducing Kanda

Kanda is in the centeral part of Tokyo and is the general name of the district such as Akihabara,Hitotsubashi, Iwamotocho, Ogawacho, Jinbocho, Surugadai., etc, so Kanda has some kinds of specialists stores, there are hundreds of book stores, sports shops, music shops, cd shops and electric appliance stores. Therefore anybody living around Tokyo goes there to search special goods to buy. And there are also some medical centers and universities. The reason why Kanda has them, Kanda has great accessibility, Yamanote, Keihin-Tohoku, Chuo, Sobu, Ginza,Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Toei-Shijuku line have their stations.

In 730, Kanda Myojin Shrin was built first at Otemachi (nearby Tokyo station) by Ma-kanda-omi belonging to the Izumo Clan who were descendants of Onamuchi-no-mikoto, the superstar in Kojiki (Japanese Myth and he is also called Okuninushi, Daikoku-sama), so Onamuchi and his son Sukunahikona (he was also called Ebisu-sama) were dedicated there. In 1309, the venerable Shinkyo of Jishu-sect in Buddhism carefully dedicated Masakado Taira, the great samurai commander in late Heian period, to pacify. In Sengoku Period (the Warring States Period), Dokan Ota and Ujitsuna Hojo worshipped the gods in the shrine.

Since Ieyasu Tokugawa, the founder Edo Bakufu moved in, many merchants from Kyoto and Osaka moved to the area southern part of Kanda, and many craft men from Mikawa (the Eastern Aich Prefecture) given Kanda to live.

In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara was happened, Ieyasu Tokugawa prayed for his win the battle when he left Edo. Then he of course won the battle in September 15th, it is the day of the Kanda Matsuri Festa, and he got the position to rule the samurai society in Japan. After that, Tokugawa clan told the shrine to hold the festival forever as it gave us great luck.

In the late Edo Period, the government opened Koubusho, the training center of martial arts in Ogawacho. Genbukan, also training center of martial arts of Hokushin Ittoryu was in Kanda.

In addition, Heiji Zenigata the main character of Zenigata Heiji Torimonocho (Detective Story) lived near Kanda Myojin Shrine. Of course it was a fiction, sometimes it gives us what Kanda might be.


参考
神田明神ホームページ
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディア