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Nakayama is in between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Ise-no-kuni /The Summary of Ise Province In Classic Japan

Ise-no-kuni was a classic administrative district in Japan covered most part of Mie prefecture without the Shima peninsula (Shima Province) and the Iga Valley (Iga Province). Ise belonged to Tokai-do region, and it was counted as a large sized and close country. The provincial government of Ise was in at Suzuka City in Mie prefecture, and Kokubun-ji Temple were also built in the city. And Tsubaki-jinja Shrine in Suzuka city was registered as Ichinomiya (the first shrine) of Ise-no-kuni. In 680, Ise was divided into two provinces, the western part became Iga Province.

Ise has Ise Jingu, so there were many private estates owned by Jingu, so the province has developed as the region of Ise Jingu since the ancient time. Ise was one of the outlying areas of Yamato Imperial Government, and it was the gate province to trip on the eastern provinces in classic Japan. In late Heian Period during the period of Genpei War, Taira Clan in Kyoto set their base at the province.

In early Kamakura Period, Kamakura Bakufu sent Yamanouchi Clan, Hiraga Clan and Ouchi Clan to control, so they were appointed the position of the military governor of Ise province, but late Kamakura period, Hojo Clan the Regents family of Kamakura Shogunate seized administrative power and they controlled the shoguns took the position of the military governor and succeeded.

In the Northern And Southern Dynasty, Kitabatake Clan gained and built the base of the Southern Dynasty, and the clan based at Okochijo Castle and continued to control the province until Nobunaga Oda, the most popular Sengoku Busho, invaded Ise in 1568. At the Battle of the Okochijo Castle in 1569,Nobunaga surrounded it with his big army, finally he won the battle and he sent his second son, Nobukatsu, to be adopted into the Kitabatake Clan as the successor. Nobunaga attacked 3 times Ikko Sect followers in Nagashima and ruined them in 1571. Then he gained the power to control the province completely.

In Edo Period, 7 clans divided the province to control each, and the merchants from Ise province actively worked in Edo, so the founder of Mitsui Group, Takatoshi Mitusi was famous.

After Meiji Restoration, the classical districts were rebuilt, Ise merged with Iga, Shima and south-eastern part of Kii province to be Mie prefecture in 1876.


参考
三重県ホームページ
デジタル大辞林
日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ)
ウィッキペディア

Blue represents Tokai-do and No.35 in the map below is Ise-no-kuni.

No.35 is Ise Province